Background: Occlusal trauma, defined as an injury to the tooth or implant supporting tissues, is a resultant of parafunctional habits such as bruxism. It has been shown to accelerate periodontal breakdown and also contribute to implant complications, thereby adversely affecting the long-term success of periodontal and implant therapy. This literature review aims to discuss the effects of bruxism on periodontal and implant treatment. In addition, the effectiveness of occlusal splints to manage bruxism will be examined. Methods: An electronic literature search using PubMed and Scopus databases and a manual search for relevant papers published in English from January 1965 up to August 2017 was performed. Results: An occlusal splint appears to be effective in reducing symptoms related to temporomandibular disorder and bruxism. However, high quality evidence is severely lacking to support its use. Therefore, as it is a non-invasive and reversible therapy, its use in patients with bruxism is proposed.
|Meeting Report: 1st International Academy of Periodontology Research Conference (IAPRC) P. Mark Bartold, Alpdogan Kantarci, Magda Feres, Vincent J Iacono, Joerg Meyle||Download|
|Using a Composite Graft of Natural 15% Chitosan Gel in the Management of Intrabony Defects: A Case Series Irfana Babrawala, Prabhuji MLV and Karthikeyan BV||Download|
|Estimation and Correlation of MMP-8 Levels in GCF and Serum with Wound Healing and Clinical Outcomes of Coronally Advanced Flap and Sub-Epithelial Connective Tissue Graft for Root Coverage - A Controlled Clinical Trial Ankita Jha, Joann P. George and Greeshma Chandrashekhar||Download|
|Clinical and Radiographic Assessment of Single or Combined Treatment with Lepidium sativum and Alendronate of Non-Surgically Treated Chronic Periodontitis in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women Naglaa Shawki El Kilani, Hala Helmy Hazzaa, Hisham El Sayed Hemoud and Omenya Imam||Download|
|Periapical Lesion on an Implant after Socket Shield Technique: A Case Report Vitor de Toledo Stuani, Gustavo Gonçalves do Prado Manfredi, Adriana Campos Passanezi Sant’Ana and Maria Lúcia Rubo de Rezende||Download|
|Salivary Levels of Antimicrobial Peptides in Chronic Periodontitis Patients with Type 2 Diabetes A Jameel Ahmed Arshia Zainab, Nichani Ashish and Venugopal Ranganath||Download|
|Occlusal Splints and Periodontal/Implant Therapy Pimchanok Sutthiboonyapan and Hom-Lay Wang||Download|