The objective of this study was to evaluate histomorphometrically, in dogs, the effect of enamel matrix derivative (EMD), with or without transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF- ), in a periodontal Class III furcation model. Class III furcation defects were created in P3 and P4 of six dogs. The defects were allowed to stabilize for 21 days. Four experimental conditions were established: G1: control (propylene glycol alginate); G2: EMD; G3: TGF- β1 and G4: EMD + TGF-β1. After 12 weeks, the dogs were euthanized. Their jaws were removed, fixed, decalcified, dehydrated and embedded in paraffin. Semi-serial sections were obtained, stained and examined with light microscopy. The furcation defects were not completely closed in any specimen, with downgrowth of the junctional epithelium into the furcation area. The morphologic characteristics of the newly formed tissues in the test groups were similar to the control group, with slight differences in average values, but with no statistically significant differences between the groups. This study was not able to provide histological evidence that EMD, TGF-β1 and EMD + TGF-β1 present additional advantages in periodontal bone formation in a Class III furcation model in dogs.
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